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Chemistry of Sustainable Energy



9781466575325 199x300

Author: Nancy E. Carpenter

Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc

Publish Date: 31 Mar 2014

ISBN-13: 9781466575325

Pages: 304

File Type: PDF

Language: English

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Preface

Understanding the chemistry underlying sustainable energy is central to any long-term solution to meeting our future energy needs. Chemistry of Sustainable Energy presents chemistry through the lens of several sustainable energy options, demonstrating the breadth and depth of research being carried out to address issues of sustainability and the global energy demand. The author, an organic chemist, reinforces fundamental principles of chemistry as they relate to renewable or sustainable energy generation throughout the book.

Written with a qualitative, structural bias, this survey text illustrates the increasingly interdisciplinary nature of chemistry research with examples from the literature to provide relevant snapshots of how solutions are developed, providing a broad foundation for further exploration. It examines those areas of energy conversion that show the most promise of achieving sustainability at this point, namely, wind power, fuel cells, solar photovoltaics, and biomass conversion processes. Next-generation nuclear power is addressed as well.

This book also covers topics related to energy and energy generation that are closely tied to understanding the chemistry of sustainable energy, including fossil fuels, thermodynamics, polymers, hydrogen generation and storage, and carbon capture. It offers readers a broad understanding of relevant fundamental chemical principles and in-depth exposure to creative and promising approaches to sustainable energy development.
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About the Author

Professor Nancy E. Carpenter obtained her Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Northwestern University under the guidance of Professor Anthony G.M. Barrett. After a postdoctoral appointment with Professor Larry Overman at the University of California, Irvine, she came to the University of Minnesota, Morris, a four-year public liberal arts campus on the prairies of west-central Minnesota. Her research interests have spanned a diverse range of areas, from synthetic organometallic methodology to environmental remediation of chlorinated ethylenes and exploration of biodiesel from oilseeds and algae. She has been recognized with two teaching awards at the undergraduate level and was a co-recipient of the 2012 ACS-CEI Award for Incorporating Sustainability into Chemistry Education.
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Table of Contents

Energy Basics
What Is Energy?
Energy, Technology, and Sustainability
Energy Units, Terms, and Abbreviations
Electricity Generation and Storage
Other Resources
References

Fossil Fuels
Formation of Oil and Gas
Extraction of Fossil Fuels
Refining
Carbon Capture and Storage
Summary
Other Resources
Online Resources Related to Carbon Capture and
Sequestration
References

Thermodynamics
Introduction
The First Law of Thermodynamics
The Second Law and Thermodynamic Cycles: the Carnot Efficiency
Exergy and Life-Cycle Assessment
References

Polymers and Sustainable Energy
Polymer Basics
Synthesis
Characterization of Polymers
Polymer Properties
Polymer Chemistry and Wind Energy
Green Chemistry
Other Resources
References

Catalysis and Hydrogen Production
Catalysis
Hydrogen Production
Hydrogen Storage
Other Resources
References

Fuel Cells
Introduction
Thermodynamics and Fuel Cells
Efficiency and Fuel Cells
Cell Performance: Where Do Inefficiencies Come From?
Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts
Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Microbial Fuel Cells
Fuel Cell Summary
Electrochemical Energy Storage
Summary
Other Resources
References

Solar Photovoltaics
Introduction
Solar PV Basics
Inorganic Solar Cells
Organic Photovoltaics
Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Quantum Dot Solar Cells
Sustainability, Photovoltaics, and the CZTS Cell
Conclusions
Other Resources
References

Biomass
Introduction
Chemical Composition of Biomass
Reactivity and Conversion Options
Biomass Beginnings: Harvesting and Processing
Thermochemical Processes
Biochemical Processes
Summary
Other Resources
References

Nuclear Energy
Introduction
Nuclear Chemistry Basics
Uranium Production
Future of Nuclear Energy
Summary
Other Resources
References

Closing Remarks
References

Appendix I: SI Units and Prefixes
Appendix II: Unit Conversions
Appendix III: Electricity: Units and Equations
Appendix IV: Fossil Fuel Units and Abbreviations
Appendix V: Important Constants
Appendix VI: Acronyms
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