# Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocodes : Design Theory and Examples, Fourth Edition

## Preface

This established and popular textbook has now been extensively rewritten and expanded in line with the current Eurocodes. It presents the principles of the design of concrete elements and also the design of complete structures, and provides practical illustrations of the theory. It explains the background to the Eurocode rules and goes beyond the core topics to cover the design of foundations, retaining walls, water retaining structures.

Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocodes includes more than sixty worked out design examples and over six hundred diagrams, plans and charts. The chapters are fully revised to the Eurocodes and the most commonly encountered design problems in structural concrete are covered.

It is written for students on civil engineering degree courses and undergraduate level and higher levels, and is also a useful reference for practising engineers.

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## About the Author

Tom MacGinley and Ban Seng Choo were experienced academics in Singapore, Newcastle, Nottingham and Edinburgh.

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## Table of Contents

Structural design

Calculations, design aids and computing

Detailing

References

Materials, Structural Failures and Durability

Reinforced concrete structures

Concrete materials

Concrete properties

Tests on wet concrete

Tests on hardened concrete

Reinforcement

Exposure classes related to environmental conditions

Failures in concrete structures

Durability of concrete structures

Fire protection

References

Limit State Design and Structural Analysis

Structural design and limit states

Actions, characteristic and design values of actions

Partial factors for materials

Structural analysis

Reference

Section Design for Moment

Types of beam section

Reinforcement and bar spacing

Behaviour of beams in bending

Singly reinforced rectangular beams

Doubly reinforced beams

Flanged beams

Checking existing sections

Reference

Shear, Bond and Torsion

Shear forces

Bond stress

Anchorage of bars

Torsion

Shear between web and flange of T-sections

Serviceability Limit State Checks

Serviceability limit state

Deflection

Cracking

Simply Supported Beams

Simply supported beams

References

Reinforced Concrete Slabs

Design methods for slabs

Types of slabs

One-way spanning solid slabs

Example of design of continuous one-way slab

One-way spanning ribbed or waffle slabs

Two-way spanning solid slabs

Restrained solid slabs

Waffle slabs

Flat slabs

Yield line method

Hillerborg’s strip method

Design of reinforcement for slabs using elastic analysis moments

Stair slabs

References

Columns

Types, loads, classification and design considerations

Columns subjected to axial load and bending about one axis with symmetrical reinforcement

Columns subjected to axial load and bending about one axis: Unsymmetrical reinforcement

Column sections subjected to axial load and biaxial bending

Effective length of columns

Design of slender columns

Walls in Buildings

Functions, types and loads on walls

Design of reinforced concrete walls

Walls supporting in-plane moments and axial loads

Design of plain concrete walls

Reference

Foundations

General considerations

Geotechnical design

Spread foundations

Isolated pad bases

Eccentrically loaded pad bases

Wall, strip and combined foundations

Piled foundations

References

Retaining Walls

Wall types and earth pressure

Design of cantilever walls

Counterfort retaining walls

Reference

Design of Statically Indeterminate Structures

Introduction

Design of a propped cantilever

Design of a clamped beam

Why use anything other than elastic values in design?

Design using redistributed elastic moments in Eurocode 2

Design using plastic analysis in Eurocode 2

Serviceability considerations when using redistributed elastic moments

Continuous beams

Example of elastic analysis of continuous beam

Example of moment redistribution for continuous beam

Curtailment of bars

Example of design for the end span of a continuous beam

Example of design of a non-sway frame

Approximate methods of analysis

Reinforced Concrete Framed Buildings

Types and structural action

Building loads

Robustness and design of ties

Frame analysis

Building design example

References

Tall Buildings

Introduction

Assumptions for analysis

Planar lateral load resisting elements

Interaction between bents

Three-dimensional structures

Analysis of framed tube structures

Analysis of tube-in-tube structures

References

Prestressed Concrete

Introduction

Applying prestress

Materials

Design of prestressed concrete structures

Limits on permissible stresses in concrete

Limits on permissible stresses in steel

Equations for stress calculation

Design for serviceability limit state

Composite beams

Posttensioned beams: Cable zone

Ultimate moment capacity

Shear capacity of a section without shear reinforcement and uncracked in flexure

Shear capacity of sections without shear reinforcement and cracked in flexure

Shear capacity with shear reinforcement

Horizontal shear

Loss of prestress in pretensioned beams

Loss of prestress in posttensioned beams

Design of end block in posttensioned beams

References

Deflection and Cracking

Deflection calculation

Checking deflection by calculation

Calculation of crack widths

Example of crack width calculation for T-beam

References

A General Method of Design at Ultimate Limit State

Introduction

Limit theorems of the theory of plasticity

Reinforced concrete and limit theorems of the theory of plasticity

Design of reinforcement for in-plane stresses

Reinforcement design for flexural forces

Reinforcement design for combined in-plane and flexural forces

Out-of-plane shear

Strut tie method of design

References

Design of Structures Retaining Aqueous Liquids

Introduction

Bending analysis for serviceability limit state

Walls subjected to two-way bending moments and tensile force

Control of restrained shrinkage and thermal movement cracking

Design of a rectangular covered top underground water tank

Design of circular water tanks

References

U.K. National Annex

Introduction

Bending design

Cover to reinforcement

Shear design

Loading arrangement on continuous beams and slabs

Column design

Ties

Plain concrete

Factors

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